Sunday, February 18, 2007

Cheatin' Hearts

From today's Los Angeles Times comes this sobering report:

Where is sport steering youth?
By Lance Pugmire, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer
February 18, 2007

For generations it has been one of the great American axioms, accepted truth on diamonds, courts and gridirons everywhere: Sports builds character, instilling the values of teamwork and good sportsmanship.

But amid fresh headlines of alleged cheating in auto racing, continuing controversies over steroid use in baseball, track and cycling and ugly brawls among basketball players comes a nationwide survey suggesting a decidedly darker vision of sports.

"There is reason to worry that the sports fields of America are becoming the training grounds for the next generation of corporate and political villains and thieves," says Los Angeles ethicist Michael Josephson.

The latest two-year study of high school athletes by the Josephson Institute found a higher rate of cheating in school among student-athletes than among their classmates. It also found a growing acceptance of cheating to gain advantages in competition.

Josephson's report, based on interviews across the country with 5,275 high school athletes, concluded that too many coaches are "teaching our kids to cheat and cut corners."

The provocative findings were met with strong reactions from all sides — some acknowledging problems while others scoffed.

James Staunton, commissioner of the 565-school California Interscholastic Federation (CIF) Southern Section, which governs high school sports for most of the Southland, said he "hopes" ethical deviance hasn't "gone that far."

"What this points out to me is that we still have a tremendous amount of work to do with our athletes, parents and coaches," Staunton said. "For all the good things we talk about in sports, and the wonderful things we promote, we're fighting some societal pressures."

The commissioner acknowledged finding "that kids are powerfully motivated for the wrong reasons."

Some established Southland prep coaches dismissed Josephson's conclusions, including Chino Hills Ayala High's Tom Gregory, a 27-year veteran basketball coach. "I've used basketball as a tool for my players to become better people," he said.

The survey's conclusions may be open to some dispute. Josephson found, for example, that about 25% of teen athletes considered rule-bending and aggressive behavior in competition acceptable. A substantial majority did not find it acceptable, though the percentage who considered that behavior acceptable had risen since a previous survey.

Among other notable survey results were:

• At least 65% of athletes acknowledged cheating on an exam at least once within a year, compared with a 60% rate among a general student population.

• 72% of football players acknowledged cheating.

• 48% of baseball players believe it proper for a coach to order his pitcher to throw at an opposing batter in retaliation.

• 37% of boys think it is acceptable for a coach to motivate a player using personal insults and vulgarity.

• 43% of boys endorse trash-talk and showboating during games.

• 6.4% of male athletes acknowledged using performance-enhancing drugs in the last year.

"I'm not trying to fool people, or be an alarmist," Josephson said. "But I believe in looking at these numbers; there are so many kids learning to cheat that there is cause for great concern."

He said the survey did not pinpoint "whether this enhanced propensity to cheat is due to values that put winning over honesty or a reflection of pressures to stay [academically] eligible or simply manage their time given the high demands of sports."

But Josephson said: "The fact remains that for most kids, sports promotes rather than discourages cheating."

Barbara Fiege, commissioner of the CIF City Section in Los Angeles, called the survey results "amazing to me."

She speculated that positive values of high school sports may have been diminished in recent years by a diluted pool of experienced teacher-coaches. In the City Section, for example, 40% of coaches do not teach any classes at the school, not even physical education courses.

"When your coach has not gone through four or five years of college, does not have a degree in education and is not involved in the kids' grades or classes, there's going to be an inherent amount of drop-off in the effect they have on the kids," Fiege said.

Gregory, the coach at Ayala who disputes Josephson's findings about sports, nonetheless agrees that coaches make a big difference.

"When I see problems with undisciplined teams, many times there's a young coach on the bench," he said.

Higher incidents of poor sportsmanship can also be attributed to less-than-perfect "role models like Barry Bonds, violence in professional sports, the showcasing of kids as individuals in a team game, and parents becoming much more aggressive," Gregory said.

"It's cool now to be overly aggressive, taunting, boisterous," Gregory said. "Many kids don't want to be a yes man."

But warped values are not the fault of sports, he insisted. The failure rests on parents, teachers, coaches and role models.

Said Fiege: "Participating in sports still teaches kids the lessons of work, of working with a team, of conflict resolution, of learning to win and lose, and how to deal with a competitive world. But now there's a bigger influence on the need to win by coaches, with parents who are motivated to get their kids in the best club programs and to that elusive college scholarship.

"Now it's about more than just being a high school kid proud to be playing at your local high school."

With 660 victories and four Southern Section boys' basketball titles in 28 years of coaching, Glendora High's Mike LeDuc said his most troubling ethical concerns are the number of coaches engaged in recruiting players, the prevalence of amateur teams that displace high school team loyalties, and "illogical" parents.

Josephson "went too far if he's not saying the vast majority of players and coaches are OK," LeDuc said. "I still believe sports promotes winning, but not at all costs. We promote values ahead of success. We define winning as doing the best you can. I think you can have two winning teams on the same night."

Southern Section commissioner Staunton did not hesitate to embrace Josephson's survey.

"As kids grow and change and learn, if they're learning all along that cheating a little is OK, what will they do when they're at a greater level in life?" Staunton asked. "We have the facts of what these kids have reported to us. I can't deny this is happening. We need to do something about it.

"Sports should be the training ground to do things properly. These numbers tell us we have a ways to go, and it's on all of us — administrators, coaches, parents and athletes."

The Southern Section holds a series of one-day training sessions for coaches to examine ethical decisions and dilemmas, and requests ethical mission statements from athletic departments.

On March 8, its council members will vote on a measure to stiffen penalties for bad behavior by athletes — banning players for the remainder of any season in which they are ejected from two games. Two ejections now result in a two-game suspension.

"Our belief is to install more punitive measures," Staunton said. "Education is the answer. We want our athletes to accept that wrong is wrong, not to dismiss what they do as part of the game."

Sure penalties tend to deter cheating, according to the student survey, Josephson said. He credited NASCAR and the NBA officials with setting a good example. NASCAR removed driver Michael Waltrip's crew chief from Sunday's Daytona 500 after a banned fuel additive was found in his race car. The NBA imposed a 15-game suspension on Denver star Carmelo Anthony for fighting during a game.

"We have bad sports in athletics, in the political world and in the business environment," Josephson said. "These people are polluting it, and in some cases, they're corrupting it."

The City Section's Fiege commended Josephson's strong words.

"I'd venture to say he's saying these things to make the very strong point that this is a crisis," she said. "He might be going a little overboard to get people's attention, but this surely deserves attention, because whatever we've done to this point isn't working."

3 Comments:

Blogger Addison said...

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3:18 AM  
Blogger Lisa said...

Charles, I really enjoyed your book "little league dreams…” and was pleased to find your blog only yesterday. It was on territorial reform and I tried to comment, but it was expired so bear with me here.
I myself feel like LL has sold it's soul to the devil. There is so much cheating that goes on during the all star games beginning at the district level that the idealist dream of the "little town" competing on an even playing field with large metro cities and suburbs is gone. There will be no more "Hoosiers" or mice that roared Disney stories because it has become too big business. I live and work in a small town of 10,000 folk who has coached, managed and parented through the ups and downs of the Little League season with 2 sons and a third only one year away. We play in a district where our strongest competition each year comes from a city of 80,000 plus,and because of waivers and exemptions they are able to field just two all star teams. One of those teams, the perennial district champ was able to play it's way to Williamsport this past season. I guess because of some review of teams that reach that level and such, their league was informed after last season that they would have to abide by the 20,000 population rule or their charter would not be approved. Through waivers and whatnot, the league brought the same two teams to district play this year and the perinnal winner won again. I guess what I'm trying to drive at,and getting a few things off my chest along the way, is the cheating begins with territorial requirements and Little League itself allowing waivers to circumvent the system they have in place. The tournament itself is nothing more than a venue for travel teams to compete for fame and fortune under the guise of the homey little, ah shucks, Mayberry league. Anyone who doubts that need only go to the USSSA website and search for the players' names you see in the tournament. Little League is big business and so is USSSA. Although one has trophy hunters lerking about in divisions beneath their playing level, they are up front about what their teams are. In real life, Mount Pilot Little League kicks the crap out of Mayberry Little League every year.

3:01 PM  
Blogger socaligirl1 said...

I find the comments of Mike LeDuc at Glendora High School to be most laughable! Please for him to talk about honesty in sports especially at Glendora High school! I am a former student of that High School and a parent of students who go to that school now, and that school is over-run by sports/club booster club (that many parents affectionately call the Booster Mafia). There are allegations of grade changing done after quaters grades are out to promote student who would otherwise be placed on probation or dismissed from the teams/events! There are also allegations of The Booster Mafia trying to bypass or change by-laws to make players eligible after the fact of dismissal! There are allegations of safety concerns. And the saddest part is that LeDuc is aware of all these allegations. In fact many parents are afraid to make waves and get the right thing done in fear of reprisal to they children by the administration and The Booster Mafia.

10:56 AM  

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